Population

New Jersey population data is based on the decennial Census which counts the U.S. population every ten years. For non-census years that do not include U.S. Census population count, estimated data are from the New Jersey State Data Center or from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the Bureau of the Census, using the 5-year sampling.

Government and businesses use census counts for funding allocations, to inform policy and to aid in city planning. The calculations frequently rely on the ACS and Census counts, with notations as to which population count is used.  Accurate reporting of population down to the municipal level is possible using the decennial Census, the 5-year estimated ACS population figures, or the estimates of the New Jersey State Data Center.

Changes in measures of the population and demographics can provide insights to the changing structure, social and economic challenges and opportunities facing municipalities in New Jersey. 

Use the New Jersey Data Book to find New Jersey population data by municipality, county, Congressional District, or Legislative District.

Population variables:

Census Population

Census Population is the record from the U.S. Census and is reported unchanged for ten years (2010-2019). Reported for 2010, this is the total population as of April, 2010. 

Estimated Population

This is the total population in a New Jersey municipality, from the U.S. Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program (PEP), as reported by the New Jersey State Data Center.  

% Change

Percent change provides the percentage population change within a municipality between the most current Census data (e.g. 2010) and the year selected for current estimated population. The number reported is calculated for the New Jersey Data Book.

Population 25+

Population 25+ reports the number of residents by municipality in New Jersey who are 25 years and over in age, as reported by the American Community Survey.

College Graduates

College Graduates reports the number of college graduates by municipality as reported in the year by the American Community Survey.

% College Graduates

This variable provides the college educational attainment of New Jersey residents using data from the American Community Survey 5-year estimates, and population counts for residents that are 25 years or older. The calculation reported in the New Jersey Data Book represents the percentage of the population 25 years and over within a municipality with a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Foreign Born

Reports the number of people in the New Jersey population within a municipality who were not a born U.S. citizens. This includes naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, temporary migrants, and undocumented migrants. Native born refers to anyone born in the United States, Puerto Rico, or a U.S. Island Area (U.S. Census, 2010). The number reported by the New Jersey Data Book reflects the people born outside the United States based on the 5-year estimated American Community Survey.

% Foreign Born

This reports the percentage of the New Jersey population born outside the United States living in each municipality. The percentage is computed by the New Jersey Data Book based on the 5-year American Community Survey.   

African American

The number of African-Americans, self-identified, by municipality as reported in the U.S. Census count for the New Jersey population.

% African American

As reported, this data represents the African-Americans living in each New Jersey municipality as a percent of the total population based on the U.S. Census.  

Asian

The data reports the number of Asians, self-identified, by municipality as reported in the U.S. Census count for the New Jersey population.

% Asian

Percent Asian represents the Asians living in each New Jersey municipality as a percent of the total population based on the U.S. Census.

Hispanic

As reported, the data calculates the number of Hispanics, self-identified, by municipality as reported in the U.S. Census count for the New Jersey population.

% Hispanic

The data represents the Hispanics living in each New Jersey municipality as a percent of the total population based on the U.S. Census.

# Age 0-5

The data measures the population in each municipality that is five years old and younger (for the 2000 to present), or the population under the age of 5 (prior to 2000) according to the U.S. Census, and provides an indication of upcoming school age children within a specific municipality, county, Congressional or Legislative District.

% Age 0-5

The data reports the population aged five years old and younger (for the 2000 to present), or the population under the age of 5 (prior to 2000), as a percentage of the total population in a New Jersey municipality.

Age 65 +

Age 65+ measures the population in each New Jersey municipality that is 65 years and older according to the U.S. Census, and provides information about the structure of the population for public and private interests, both socially and economically.

% Age 65 +

As reported, the data indicates the percentage of the municipal population 65 years and older, and provides information in New Jersey.
 

Data Availability

CENSUS POPULATION

2010 | 2000 | 1990 | 1980

ESTIMATED POPULATION

2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010

2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000

1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990

1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1986 | 1985 | 1984 | 1983 | 1982 | 1981 | 1980

% CHANGE

2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010

2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000

1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990

1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1986 | 1985 | 1984 | 1983 | 1982 | 1981 | 1980

POPULATION 25+

2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010

COLLEGE GRADUATES

2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010

FOREIGN BORN

2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010

AFRICAN AMERICAN

2010 | 2000 | 1990 | 1980

ASIAN

2010 | 2000 | 1990 | 1980

HISPANIC

2010 | 2000 | 1990 | 1980

AGE 0-5

2010 | 2000 | 1990 | 1980

AGE 65+

2010 | 2000 | 1990 | 1980